Police Reform: A noxious brew of politics, regulation and special interest groups

March 7, 2013

Tom WinsorThe dilemmas of police leadership are fictionalized in a thousand police dramas. These are currently being played out in the UK following the controversial appointment of Tom Winsor, a lawyer with no service experience of police work, as Chief Inspector of Constabulary

The police forces of the United Kingdom are united mostly in a concern that changes imposed on them by outsiders will be ill-informed on the special features that make policing unique among the professions.

Inevitably, the appointment of a Chief Inspector of Police from outside their ranks [July 2012] produced initial hostility from ACPO [The Association of Chief Police Officers, and The Police Federation. And that was even before Tom Winsor got down to work.

An intellectually undemanding profession?

He was quoted as saying that the service was still based on a century-old structure and that:

“For too long policing has been unfairly regarded by many as an occupation of an intellectually largely undemanding nature .. policing today is entirely different. The attitudes of some police officers remain fastened in that mind set and I believe that is holding them back [in order that] all men and women of intelligence and good character consider a policing career on a par with law, medicine, the clergy, the armed and security services, finance and industry”.

Not the words of someone seeking a conciliatory relationship with police leaders.

The Home Secretary’s choice

Theresa May has acquired a reputation of a conservative hawk as Home Secretary, attracting controversy either deliberately or insensitively, according to your political perspective. Her attempts to reform immigration http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-15649548 control procedures led to battles and blame-naming “United by love divided by Theresa May” goes one slogan against her policies. .

On the home front, her choice of Winsor is seen as an attempt to finesse the challenge of leading a campaign for police reform, by relying on the inclinations of Mr Winsor to ease the way towards unpopular legislation.

According to the BBC’s home affairs correspondent Danny Shaw

The current system sees all police recruits begin work as a constable, regardless of age, skills or experience. The Home Office proposals being put before MPs herald a fundamental change to the current system of police recruitment. It currently takes about 25 years for a newly recruited constable to work their way to the most senior level, a process that is thought to deter talented people from other professions from joining the police.
The direct-entry plans expected to be put forward follow recommendations in a report last year by the Chief Inspector of Constabulary Tom Winsor.

Watch the watchdog

Tom Winsor may be Theresa May’s watchdog but he is no poodle. Brought in as Rail Regulator, he become involved in bitter disputes with the Government over what he considered to be efforts to undermine his authority.

Bill Bratton to advise on London’s gang culture: A test case for creative leadership?

August 14, 2011

by Tudor Rickards

Bill Bratton is one of America’s top police officers, with a record of success as a strategic leader and change agent. His appointment by David Cameron to advise on gang culture offers a test case for theories of creative leadership and change

I have followed the story of Bill Bratton’s leadership methods for some years. The case is written up in the textbook Dilemmas of Leadership and has been revised for a new edition [2012]. It has also figured in an earlier LWD post [Dec 2006] in which it was compared with the efforts in Greater Manchester to deal with gang culture.

In an interview for the BBC Mr Bratton was reported as saying

“I think part of what the government is going to do is to take a look at what worked and what didn’t work during the course of the last week [Aug 2011]. My assignment is to focus more on the issues of the American experience dealing with gangs and what we may be able to share with them that might help them to prevent similar activities in the future. Our success in Los Angeles in reducing gang violence significantly was a co-ordination of very assertive tough police tactics but also a lot of community outreach, a lot of creative, innovative programmes such as a significant use of gang interventionists.”

Beyond Soundbites

The riots last week were accompanied by an outburst of suggestions from experts offering a welter of explanations and prescriptions. They were in part soundbites which tapped into simplistic notions of morality and control. Broadly, they gave comfort to the public mood of hawkishness for dealing with the rioters with debate around whether there was any benefit from seeking to understand the wider social context of alienation and disaffection.

In contrast, Bratton’s comments above links assertive tough police tactics with strategic programmes of a creative kind. This is not a simple concept to convey as a soundbite.

Police training and leadership development

HM Police forces in the UK have an international reputation for selection, training and development of its officers. Its training colleges continue to to provide support for other forces around the world. ACPO (the Association of Chief Police Officers) is far more than a professional trade union (which arguably it is). As an infrequent guest speaker, I can confirm that its annual conference engages with complex strategic, political, and operational matters in a challenging and impressive fashion.

As one ACPO member pointed out this weekend [Aug 12th 2011] senior police figures are in regular contact about best practices with their counterparts around the world including the United States.

Mr Cameron’s Departure Lounge favourites

The Prime Minister has shown an enthusiasm for emerging ideas for management and leadership. He has been known to encourage the reading of such books as Nudge , which outlines a system of social shaping through carefully designed feedback, consistent with Bill Bratton’s ‘zero tolerance for broken windows’ concept.

I have suggested [in the book Dilemmas of Leadership] that one leadership strategy for organisational change is the encouragement of widespread study of a favoured book. The idea was presented as a Departure Lounge dilemma in which a young executive has to evaluate the ideas in such a book rapidly. Mr Cameron’s cabinet presumably has members who pass on that challenge to advisors (some of whom may have drawn the book to the attention of the PM in the first place).

I have some recollection that the works of Malcolm Gladwell have also found favour in the past. Among then, The Tipping Point cites Bill Bratton and directly illustrates how a leader’s actions can trigger radical change.

For further study

The appointment of Bill Bratton has the hallmarks of a symbolic leadership gesture. That is not to say it has no practical value. The story is worth following and studying for its insights into currently popular leadership themes outlined above.