The rugby world cup in New Zealand provides much food for thought about leadership processes, including the symbolism of the ceremonial Haka performed at the opening ceremonies and before the host country matches
The Haka may be seen as a modern and symbolic representation of an ancient perception of a leader as someone who channels the spirits of the supernatural world to inspire the actions of the people or tribe.
Later, the behaviours were described as charismatic and in the nature of a special gift from the Gods.
The appeals to social cohesion and committment is retained in the pre-match inspirational urgings of the captain, and sometimes of the coach.
To be continued